Data from clinical trials indicate that COVID-19 vaccines are safe in people who have had COVID-19.
Vaccination of people with a known current infection should be deferred until the person has recovered from the acute illness (if the person had symptoms) and the following criteria have been met for them to discontinue isolation.
- Return-to-Work Guidance for Healthcare Personnel After COVID-19 Infection: Symptom-Based Strategy
- Return-to-Work Guidance for Healthcare Personnel After COVID-19 Infection: Test-Based Strategy
People in the community or outpatient setting who have had a known COVID-19 exposure should not seek vaccination until their quarantine period has ended to avoid potentially exposing healthcare personnel and other people to SARS-CoV-2 during the vaccination visit. Click here to view a flowchart about options to reduce quarantine for people exposed to COVID-19.
If a patient was treated for COVID-19 symptoms with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, they should wait 90 days before getting the COVID-19 vaccine.
During times when vaccines are limited, it is recommended to defer someone who has had COVID-19 until 90 days from when they recovered from their infection since they are likely to have natural immunity during this time period.