Currently, there is limited data on the safety of the COVID-19 vaccine for pregnant individuals. The CDC and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) have provided information to assist pregnant people with their decision to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.
Based on current knowledge, experts believe that mRNA vaccines are unlikely to pose a risk to the pregnant person or the fetus, because mRNA vaccines are not live vaccines. The mRNA in the vaccine is degraded quickly by normal cellular processes and does not enter the nucleus of the cell. However, the potential risks of mRNA vaccines to the pregnant person and the fetus are unknown, because these vaccines have not been studied in pregnant people.
The WHO currently does not recommend administering to pregnant individuals due to the lack of studies.
For people who are pregnant and part of a group recommended to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, (e.g., healthcare personnel), a conversation with their clinicians may help them decide whether to receive a vaccine that has been authorized for use under Emergency Use Authorization.
Key considerations providers can discuss with pregnant patients:
- How likely is exposure to COVID-19
- Risk of COVID-19 to mom and baby
- Facts about the vaccine (effectiveness and potential side effects)
Visit the CDC’s website for more information on the vaccine: