There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). There are no drugs or other therapeutics approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to prevent or treat COVID-19. Current clinical management includes infection prevention and control measures and supportive care, such as supplemental oxygen and mechanical ventilatory support when indicated. Interim guidelines for the medical management of COVID-19 will be provided soon by the Department of Health and Human Services COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines Panel. There are investigational clinical trials being conducted.
See the CDC’s website for the latest therapeutic options.
Recommended CDC infection prevention and control measures include:
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
- Follow the CDC’s recommendations for using a face mask.
- The CDC recommends covering your mouth and nose with a cloth face covering when you have to go out in public.
- Face masks should be used by people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the disease to others. The use of face masks is also crucial for health workers and people who are taking care of someone in close settings (at home or in a healthcare facility).
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and, after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.
The CDC’s guidance for when it is OK to release someone from transmission-based precautions in healthcare setting or discontinue home isolation is made on a case-by-case basis and includes meeting ALL of the following requirements:
- The patient is free from fever without the use of fever-reducing medications.
- The patient is no longer showing symptoms (including cough) for at least 3 days (72 hours).
- At least 7 days have passed since symptoms first appeared.
- If tested positive with symptoms, the patient has tested negative on at least two consecutive nasopharyngeal swab specimens collected at least 24 hours apart.
Individuals with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 who have not had any symptoms may discontinue home isolation when at least 7 days have passed since the date of their first positive COVID-19 diagnostic test and have had no subsequent illness.
Follow Curi’s COVID-19 Process for Employee Exposures to determine when employees can return to work.
This recommendation will prevent most, but may not prevent all instances of secondary spread. The risk of transmission after recovery is likely substantially less than that during illness.
All test results should be final before isolation is ended. Testing guidance is based upon limited information and is subject to change as more information becomes available.